Whitepaper

A whitepaper is a document prepared by a party prior to launching a new cryptocurrency. It details everything prospective investors need to know about the currency before making a purchase decision. This includes commercial, technological and financial details of a given new coin in language that can be understood by someone who is not an expert in the field..

Popular crypto whitepapers are the Bitcoin whitepaper, the Ethereum whitepaper or the ETHlend whitepaper.


Whales

Whales are traders with massive amounts of the cryptocurrency being traded. They are able to sell and buy in quantities large enough to manipulate the market price in the short term.


Wallet

A crypto wallet is a file that houses private keys. It usually contains a software client which allows access to view and create transactions on a specific blockchain that the wallet is designed for.

Crypto wallets can come in the form of a hardware wallet, hot wallet or paper wallet.


Volatility

Volatility refers to how often the price of a currency is changing. The opposite of volatile is stable.


Turing Complete

Turing complete refers to the ability of a machine to perform calculations that any other programmable computer is capable of.


Transaction Fee

All cryptocurrency transactions involve a small transaction fee. These transaction fees add up to account for the block reward that a miner receives when he successfully processes a block.


Technical Analysis

Financial analysis that uses patterns in market data to identify trends and make predictions. It is the use of past price information to identify trends and areas of supply and demand.


TCP/IP

Acronyms stand for "Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol" and is the connection protocol used by the Internet.


Staking

In a Proof of Stake system, staking means leaving your coins in your wallet to increase their stake in an attempt to net rewards from block creation.


Smart Contract

Smart contracts encode business rules in a programmable language onto the blockchain and are enforced by the participants of the network. They are capable of controlling digital assets by following the conditions set in place by a prior agreement between two or more parties.

For example, a smart contract may stipulate that only once both a husband and a wife have paid a certain amount of cryptocurrency, the title to a house they may be buying together is transferred into the names of both husband and wife.